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TYPE '2' CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

فبراير 19th, 2010 Leave a comment Go to comments

1. Form

In a Type 2 conditional sentence, the tense in the ‘if’ clause is the simple past, and the tense in the main clause is the present conditional:

‘IF’ CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE
If + simple past
If it rained
If you went to bed earlier
Present conditional
you would get wet
you wouldn’t be so tired.

Present conditional, form

The present conditional of any verb is composed of two parts – the modal auxiliary would + the infinitive of the main verb (without ‘to’.)

Subject + would  + infinitive
without to
She would learn
Affirmative
I would go
Negative
I wouldn’t ask
Interrogative
Would she come?
Interrogative negative
Wouldn’t they accept?

Would: Contractions of would

In spoken English, would is contracted to ‘d.

I’d We’d
you’d you’d
he’d, she’d they’d

The negative contraction = wouldn’t.

Example: to accept, Present conditional

Affirmative Negative Interrogative
I would accept I wouldn’t accept Would I accept?
You would accept You wouldn’t accept Would you accept?
He would accept She wouldn’t accept Would he accept?
We would accept We wouldn’t accept Would we accept?
You would accept You wouldn’t accept Would you accept?
They would accept They wouldn’t accept Would they accept?

2. Function

In these sentences, the time is now or any time, and the situation is unreal. They are not based on fact, and they refer to an unlikely or hypothetical condition and its probable result. The use of the past tense after ‘if’ indicates unreality. We can nearly always add a phrase starting with “but”, that expresses the real situation:

  • If the weather wasn’t so bad, we would go to the park (…but it is bad, so we can’t go)
  • If I was the Queen of England, I would give everyone �100. (...but I’m not, so I won’t)

Examples of use:

  1. To make a statement about something that is not real at present, but is possible:
    I would visit her if I had time. (= I haven’t got time but I might have some time)
  2. To make a statement about a situation that is not real now and never could be real:
    If I were you, I’d give up smoking (but I could never be you)

Examples:

a. If I was a plant, I would love the rain.
b. If you really loved me, you would buy me a diamond ring.
c. If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her.
d. You wouldn’t need to read this if you understood English grammar.
e. Would he go to the concert if I gave him a ticket?
f. They wouldn’t invite her if they didn’t like her
g. We would be able to buy a larger house if we had more money

NOTE: It is correct, and very common, to say “If I were” instead of “If I was“.

CLAUSE
If
would Interrogative
I
accept
He
money

NOTE everyone England without indicates auxiliary accept
weather unreal cant English shed present wouldnt Present they would past
If
accept spoken Would infinitive
without
Would accept main accept
You
situation

tense they go
Negative
I
wouldnt youd
hed
infinitive hypothetical loved condition Queen conditional tense instead would clause Would Would wouldnt real
result present contracted She contraction correct this about unreality would situation Type time
They would these she theyd

The something main more give phrase tired

Present some to
Subject
English really composed they You accept sentences wasnt real accept
You
love would real accept
They
knew concert accept wouldnt smoking didnt visit accept rained
If
would use

ask
Interrogative
Would
would nearly accept to
She
wouldnt
Example
havent would her
g
wouldnt sentence would would

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